World Action on Salt & Health

Evidence menu

Salt Intake Measurements


Grimes CA, Riddell LJ, Campbell KJ et al.(2017). Dietary intake and sources of sodium and potassium among Australian schoolchildren: results from the cross-sectional Salt and Other Nutrients in Children (SONIC) study. BMJ Open 7, (10) e016639-e016639. 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016639

Petersen KS, Johnson C, Mohan S et al.(2017). Estimating population salt intake in India using spot urine samples. J Hypertens 1097/HJH.0000000000001464

Johnson C, Mohan S, Rogers K et al.(2017). The Association of Knowledge and Behaviours Related to Salt with 24-h Urinary Salt Excretion in a Population from North and South India. Nutrients 9, (2) 10.3390/nu9020144

Johnson C, Mohan S, Rogers K et al.(2017). Mean Dietary Salt Intake in Urban and Rural Areas in India: A Population Survey of 1395 Persons. J Am Heart Assoc 6, (1) 10.1161/JAHA.116.004547


Service C, Grimes C, Riddell L et al.(2016). Association between Parent and Child Dietary Sodium and Potassium Intakes as Assessed by 24-h Urinary Excretion. Nutrients 8, (4) 10.3390/nu8040191

Ma Y, He FJ, Li N et al.(2016). Salt sales survey: a simplified, cost-effective method to evaluate population salt reduction programs--a cluster-randomized trial. Hypertens Res 39, (4) 254-259. 10.1038/hr.2015.139


Zhang L, Zhao F, Zhang P et al.(2015). A pilot study to validate a standardized one-week salt estimation method evaluating salt intake and its sources for family members in China. Nutrients 7, (2) 751-763. 10.3390/nu7020751


He FJ, MacGregor GA(2014). Salt intake and mortality. Am J Hypertens 27, (11) 10.1093/ajh/hpu095

Marrero NM, He FJ, Whincup P et al.(2014). Salt intake of children and adolescents in South London: consumption levels and dietary sources. Hypertension 63, (5) 1026-1032. 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.113.02264

He FJ, Pombo S, MacGregor GA(2014). Salt reduction in England from 2003 to 2011: its relationship to blood pressure, stroke and ischaemic heart disease mortality. BMJ Open 4, Article e004549, 1-7. 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004549


He FJ, Macgregor GA(2012). Salt intake, plasma sodium, and worldwide salt reduction. Ann Med 44 Suppl 1, S127-S137. 10.3109/07853890.2012.660495


Macgregor GA, He FJ, Perry IJ et al.(2003). Long term effects of advice to reduce dietary salt. BMJ 326, (7382) 10.1136/bmj.326.7382.222/a

Return to top